Ceramic Tiles

A ceramic tile is a clay based product (typically red or white in colour). The clay is quarried, purified and then dried to create a powder that is injected into a mould and pressed at a moderate pressure rate and fired to create a bisque. The fired bisque (raw tile) is then screen printed with a pigment or pattern and a clear glaze (silica glass) is applied. The tile is then re-fired causing the silica to melt and form a durable non-porous layer over the top of the pigment or pattern. The glaze can be either gloss, matt or textured.

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Ceramic tiles are typically used as feature and wall tiles, however there are some ranges available that can be used on the floor in a domestic application. These tiles are softer and easier to cut and are generally cheaper to install. The higher porosity rate (more than 0.5%) of the bisque can make them less frost resistant and their PEI (The Porcelain Enamel Institute hardness scale, which ranges from softest 0 to hardest 5) rating is usually between 0 and 3 making them unsuitable for commercial flooring applications. Glazed ceramic tiles do not require any sealing or special maintenance.



Ceramic Tile Enquiry