A ceramic tile is a clay based product (typically red or white in colour). The clay is quarried, purified and then dried to create a powder that is injected into a mould and pressed at a moderate pressure rate and fired to create a bisque. The fired bisque (raw tile) is then screen printed with a pigment or pattern and a clear glaze (silica glass) is applied. The tile is then re-fired causing the silica to melt and form a durable non-porous layer over the top of the pigment or pattern. The glaze can be either gloss, matt or textured.Ceramic Tile Enquiry
Ceramic tiles are typically used as feature and wall tiles, however there are some ranges available that can be used on the floor in a domestic application. These tiles are softer and easier to cut and are generally cheaper to install. The higher porosity rate (more than 0.5%) of the bisque can make them less frost resistant and their PEI (The Porcelain Enamel Institute hardness scale, which ranges from softest 0 to hardest 5) rating is usually between 0 and 3 making them unsuitable for commercial flooring applications. Glazed ceramic tiles do not require any sealing or special maintenance.
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